Chair: Elmedin Muratbegovic
Youth, Risk behaviour, Protection – Bosnia and Herzegovina
Author: Budimlic Muhamed, University of Sarajevo, FCJCSS
Title: Self-reported juvenile delinquency and family relations in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Physical punishment by parents, as indicated by a study conducted in 2015/16, is the most common form of victimisation reported by students in Bosnia and Herzegovina (29.2% N=758 RS, 31.4% N=1.326 FBiH). This paper will analyse the relationship between the variable “Did your mother or father (stepmother or stepfather) ever hit, slap or push you? (Including the times when this was punishment for something you did.)?” and variables used to measure delinquent forms of behaviour as well as those used for analysis of students’ family relations. Preliminary cross-analyses of collected data on the victimisation of students and families and manifested socially unacceptable behaviours of children indicate that this group of factors is of exceptional significance. Previously presented study results have demonstrated that in families with pronounced problems between parents (conflict, violence, divorce) or parents’ abuse of alcohol and drugs they represent risk factors for socially unacceptable behaviour in children. Students who committed offences (graffiti, vandalism, shoplifting, illegal content download from the Internet, alcohol consumption) were twice as likely to indicate that their families have the problems described above. We believe that the results of these analyses can contribute to better understanding of the factors influencing delinquent behaviours in minors and thereby to the improvement of the system for prevention of undesirable behaviours. Considering that our legislation contains provisions concerning adequate supervision of children, we believe that the situation in this area can be improved through consideration of the results of studies dealing with this important social issue.
Author: Maljevic Almir, University of Sarajevo, FCJCSS
Title: Self-reported delinquency – differences between ISRD2 and ISRD3
Two sweeps of the International Self-Reported Delinquency Study have been conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, one in 2006 and one in 2015. This presentation will focus on the changes in the structure of delinquent behaviour of children attending 7th, 8th and 9th grade of primary schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition to the differences between the sweeps, presentation will reveal differences between national level and the capital of Sarajevo. Results will show that certain behaviours remained rather constant (such as abuse of XTC, speed, cocaine, LSD or pickpocketing), some are on decline (such as vandalism and group fights), whereas some are more prevalent (shoplifting, car burglaries, thefts, use of soft drugs, assaults, etc).
Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, juvenile delinquency, ISRD, prevalence
Author: Muratbegovic Elmedin, University of Sarajevo, FCJCSS
Title: Matrix of risky behaviour in primary schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina
A program of secondary or selective prevention of juvenile offending - taking certain measures focused exclusively on the subgroup of individuals at increased risk. The program implies the application of planned activities in order to eliminate identified risk factors for a person (or group of persons): Identifying risk factors, Creating preventive measures against the child's needs and Application of (these) preventive measures. The goal of the program is: Timely identification of children / young people at risk , Violent and aggressive behaviour and other risks of actively committing socially, Victimogenic risks (children victims of violence...), Managing identified risk of unacceptable behaviour, Strengthening protective factors for a child/young person and Removal of risk factors. It is intended for teachers in schools. The matrix provides a set of indicators that a teacher can notice in a student. Its purpose is to early identify children at risk of socially unacceptable behaviour. NOT DIAGNOSTIC. Matrix includes 8 factors: Learning and Behaviour Difficulties, Assessment Of Relations With Peers In School, The Relationship Between Students and Teacher, Relationship Between Parents and Student, Relationship Of Parents Towards School, Ability To Deal With Problems, Internalized Behaviours and Socially Unacceptable Behaviour. The advantage of the Matrix are: clearly indicated individual responsibility, more intensive and more systematic cooperation of the school, Centres of mental health and Social Welfare Services, paying attention to all students, encouraging team approach when it comes to taking care of a child, unique student tracking methodology, a unique record of students who need a form of treatment, which facilitates the overview of the needs for capacity in professional field services, apart from identifying students at the risk of socially unacceptable behaviour, the matrix is also sensitive to students who are at risk of becoming victims of violence, the application of the matrix improved the cooperation between the class and associates of the schools and the class teachers / teachers. sensitize teachers about the role they have in identifying and treatment of children with behavioural problems. Collaborators of the School's Professional Service consider the problem and initiate interventions within the competencies and capacities (OBSERVED RISKS). This practically means that they create a PLAN OF SUPPORT for a child. Plan of support will be implemented in the school without labelling and discrimination, with the full protection of the confidentiality of private data.
Keywords: children, primary schools, risk behaviour, preventive programs