Chair: Richard Staring
When the prey goes after the hunter… On the other side of crime displacement: Organized crime, crime control and the special case of researching crime displacement in the Rotterdam Sea Port
Author: Moors Hans, EMMA, Experts in Media and Society
Title: Introduction of the Research Project - Main Findings: Vulnerable Crime Control Agencies
The general idea of displacement is that criminals 'move' their activities in response to crime control agencies, for example to other geographical areas, other modus operandi, other lines of business. In this research project we are investigating under which circumstances organized crime groups are not 'running away' from the agencies that ‘hunt’ them, but instead turn themselves to these agencies, in an effort to reduce the harm inflicted on their operation. Moreover, in an effort to use these agencies as a facilitator for their criminal businesses.
Keywords: Crime control, corruption, organized crime
Author: Rovers Ben, Netherlands Police Academy
Title: Corruption in the Rotterdam Sea Port: Iceberg or Fish Story?
Our hypothesis of the prey that goes after the hunter, states that organized crime groups will increasingly go after crime control agencies when these agencies are getting more successful. Paradoxically, the more successful these agencies are in hunting down and preventing organized crime, the bigger the chances are these agencies (in particular the people working in executive positions that are key to logistic processes and information exchange) are vulnerable to corruption and become preys themselves. This hypothesis is explored in the context of fighting organized crime in the Rotterdam Sea Port. Do we deal with exceptional cases (the so-called 'rotten apples')? Or is vulnerability to corruption in a systemic way part of how crime control agencies work? This paper discusses two main pespectives on how to empirically measure corruption.
Keywords: Corruption, organized crime, dark number, crime control agencies
Author: Eski Yarin, Free University Amsterdamn
Title: The Port Securityscape: Crime Control and Port Security in the Rotterdam Sea Port From a Comparative Perspective
Protecting the Rotterdam Sea Port as a vital hub in the global supply chain from crime is a fundamental objective of many public and privately organized crime control agencies. It’s an intriguing criminological question how port police officers and security officers integrate security questions and procedures in their attitudes and daily practices. This paper discusses why law enforcement agencies always seem to explain that port employees are well protected from corruption by systems and procedures. The corrupt employee is an exception, someone who could not resist financial gain. Both these assertions, however, need some rethinking.
Keywords: Port security, crime control, illegal drug trade