Chair: Anja Dirkzwager
Preparing for reentry: social capital and personal wellbeing
Author: Cid José, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
Albert Pedrosa, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona. Aina Ibanez, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona. Joel Martí, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
Title: Expectations of Reentry: the Role of Family Support and Prison Coercion During Imprisonment
Although there is an increasing knowledge on the influence of the experience of imprisonment on recidivism, only few studies have explored the impact of imprisonment on the expectations of reentry at the end of serving a prison sentence. This gap in research is relevant not only because some of the effects of imprisonment on recidivism may depend on the expectations of prisoners at the end of imprisonment, but also because it seems reasonable to sustain that one aim of the prison system is that prisoners may end their prison sentences with good expectations of reentry. Taking into account the relevance of the General Strain Theory on recent research about the effects of imprisonment, the present work tries to confirm two hypotheses derived from this theory: (i) family support during imprisonment will improve optimism about reentry, and (ii) experiencing a coercive imprisonment will reduce optimism about reentry. The data for the present research come from the project founded by the Spanish government “Imprisonment and recidivism” aimed at increasing the knowledge about the effects of imprisonment on recidivism. These data were gathered from a sample of n=538 participants that is representative of the population that have served a prison sentence in Catalonia in 2016. Participants were surveyed in the final months of serving a prison sentence. The presentation will describe the results and discuss theoretical and practical implications.
Keywords: Imprisonment, coercion, family support, desistance, reentry
Author: Flanagan Keira, Queen's University Belfast
Title: The Changing Nature of Carceral Spaces in Northern Ireland: Organisational Change and Social Capital
The role of educational and vocational programmes in the desistance process of those that are imprisoned remains an under-researched area (CJINI, 2011). An independent review panel (Owers Reports, 2011) examining the conditions, management and oversight of prisons in Northern Ireland recommended the transformation of Hydebank Wood Young Offender’s Centre (HBW YOC) into a Secure Training College (STC). Secure Training Colleges strive to ensure that individuals leave prison equipped “with the motivation, self-discipline and independence to commit to further studies, training or employment” and to ultimately terminate their criminal careers (Ministry of Justice, 2014: 6). This study explores the transformation of HBW YOC into a STC, from the perspectives of students, staff and management regarding the changes that occurred as part of the transformational process and whether or not these changes are driven with a theoretical understanding of the desistance process. Furthermore, this research explores the implications of organisational change in terms of transitioning from a punitive/criminal justice lens to a more educational/social justice approach to young people in custody. Using a primarily qualitative approach, consisting of semi-structured interviews and non-participant observations, some of the key findings emerging from this project surrounding organisational culture and social capital. The potential implications of the findings for policymaking and practice are explored.
Keywords: Prison Reform, Prison Education, Desistance, Social Capital
Author: Vezzadini Susanna, University of Bologna, Department of Political and Social Sciences
Title: University Studying and Cultural Paths in Prison Contexts: a Way to Promote Personal Change and Social Reentry? the Case of the University Penitentiary Pole in Bologna – Italy
The presentation will discuss the results of a qualitative research study realized among about 25 people detained in the prison of Bologna (Italy), students at the local University in a variety of courses. Since 2014 this University has subscribed an agreement with the Ministry of Justice and the Regional Administration of Penal Affairs in order to permit convicted people to access to university courses under the financial support of the academic organisms, also benefit from the specific support of professors, academic tutors and volunteers. The study empirical population is made up of men and women of different ages and sentenced for different types of crime, actually students in Law, Sociology and Social Sciences, Literature and History, Agrarian Sciences, Economics, Contemporary Arts Cinema and Spectacle, Fashion Industry Sciences and other courses. The research’s aim, based on a phenomenological methodological approach and conducted by in depth written interviews (divided into five thematic sections), is double: first, to evaluate the most relevant points of the cited agreement in terms of students’ expectations, personal interests and satisfaction, types of relationships with the academic environment; secondary, to consider how culture could influence their present life, the revision or reconsideration of the past and, finally, their own identity and possible future choices (the reentry).
Keywords: University studying, Prison context, University Penitentiary Pole Project, Reentry
Author: Dirkzwager Anja, Netherlands Institute for the Study on Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR)
Craig Cumming, University of Western Australia. Faye Taxman, George Mason University. Paul Nieuwbeerta, Leiden University. Stuart Kinner, University of Melbourne
Title: Health-Related Correlates of Re-Incarceration Among Former Prisoners in Australia and the Netherlands: Two Longitudinal Studies
The monotheistic religions of Judeo-Christian-Islamic matrix derive part of their cohesive strength from the contempt for other religions.
Keywords: Prisoner health, Recidivism, Prospective research