Chair: Dina Bajraktarevic Pajevic
Author: Lucic-Catic Marija, FKKSS
Title: Sexual prejudices and antigay/lesbian behaviors among law enforcement students and professionals: Case Study of Canton Sarajevo
Majority of researches suggest that the victims of hate crime targeted because of their sexual orientation never report to the police because of their fear of police hostility, abuse and possible disclosure of their sexual orientation. Those fears are based on beliefs that most police officers have certain type of sexual prejudice and that those prejudices are often converted into negative behavior toward gay men and lesbians. That is in the accordance with the researches which show that personal attitudes of professionals who are dealing with gay men and lesbians affect their willingness and the quality of their work. Therefore in this ongoing research project there are four goals: first, to determine the presence of sexual prejudices among cadets of Police Academy of FB&H, students of Faculty of Criminal Justice Sciences and Security Studies and police officers of Canton Sarajevo FB&H; second to question whether and how determined sexual prejudices transform into antigay/lesbian behaviors; third to question the correlation of the sexual prejudices with certain, most common and most significant demographic characteristics for each category of respondents and fourth to compare results of each category to determine in which stage of education/work process those prejudices/behaviors are the most present. The research is conducted during 2018/19 among cadets of Police Academy of FB&H, students of Faculty of Criminal Justice Sciences and Security Studies, police officers of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the CS through 300 surveys per category and the final results are expected
Keywords: sexual prejudice, cadets, students, police officers, hate crime, lesbian and gay men
Author: Kavazovic Muamer, FKKSS
Title: Terrorism versus Hate Crime
Terrorism and hate crimes in many discussions, strategies and researches are presented as connected phenomena. Certain number of researches and strategies even observe cases of hate crimes as the predictors of possible terrorist attacks. With the occurrence of domestic terrorism as a homegrown where the site, target, and perpetrators are all from the same country and its version in a form of Lone Wolf Terrorism (terroristic act committed by only one perpetrator without any type of connection with terroristic or other organizations) the connection and differences are even more complicated. In this paper we are questioning a true nature of connection between terrorism and hate crimes and trying to determine whether hate crimes are predictors of terrorism or vices versa. Furthermore, we are examining what constitutes a certain act as terrorism or as a hate crime act through prism of Lone Wolf Terrorism.
Keywords: terrorism, hate crimes, lone wolf terrorism
Author: Puharic Predrag, FKKSS
Title: Online hate crime vs. offline hate crime: Bosnian context
Phenomenon of online hate crime represents relatively new occurrance in Bosnia and Herzegovina that is often misunderstood and tolerated due to perception that online environment is free from usual social and legal boundaries. This behaviour frequently translates as freedom to hate and abuse. Rarely this behaviour is investigated and prosecuted before the courts. In this paper author explores specificities of online hate crime in regard to the established concepts of hate crime prescribed by criminal legislation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and gives proposition on future improvement of treatment of these criminal offenses.
Keywords: online hate crime, offline hate crime, Bosnia
Author: Bajraktarevic Pajevic Dina, FKKSS
Title: A confiscation of immigrants’ assets – a form of hate crime?
Mixed migration movement towards Europe in recent years resulted with crisis of existing asylum systems, which encouraged the establishment and usage of specific measures such as confiscation of immigrants’ assets. Even though these national practices are intended to be contribution of asylum seekers to cover some or all reception costs, they also can be interpreted as measures of deterrence and discouragement of immigrants by European states and as such represent controversial subject particularly concerning the relevant provisions of the Directive 2013/33/EU on standards for the reception of applicants for international protection and the European Convention on Human Rights. Specifics of these practices were examined in the context of the elements of notion of the hate crime - especially in regard to the motives and consequences, in order to gain insight whether such practices can be viewed as a form of hate crime performed by states.
Keywords: confiscation of assets, hate crime, immigration deterrence measures