Chair: Katja Franko
From borders & criminology to border criminology (Working Group Immigration, Crime and Citizenship)
Author: Bosworth Mary, University of Oxford
Title: Administering Border Control
In this paper I will draw on fieldwork in British immigration detention centres to explore the nature of administrative power. The paper is particularly interested in the connections and distinctions between administrative power and penal power. As states around the world rely increasingly on administrative powers in the criminal justice system, it is time criminologists spent more time developing our understanding of this form of control.
Keywords: administrative power, punishment, immigration detention, border criminology
Author: Skilbrei May-Len, University of Oslo
Title: Border Criminology Beyond Detention, Deportation and Criminalisation
Increases in deportations, changing use of detention and the criminalisation of migration and of aiding migrants are today central topics to criminologists interested in the punitive power of the State. This has secured the criminology of the border – Border Criminology – a central position in contemporary criminology. Dialogue with border and migration studies has been key in improving border criminology’s ability to study and understand deportation, detention and criminalisation of mobility, not least in understanding how borders and transnational ties and processes operate. In return, criminology has offered a much needed turn in migration studies towards the State and its punitive capacities. But the management or governance of mobility and migrants is not only about curtailing, policing and punishing, it is also about steering, selecting, responsibilising and subjectification. This paper explores how we can further refine how border criminology approaches contemporary state power also in its more welfarist and bureaucratic practical and normative capacities to transform both migrants and citizens into ‘docile bodies’, i.e. bodies that know their place.
Keywords: Border criminology, migration, bureaucracy, state theory, welfare theory
Author: Barker Vanessa, Stockholm University
Title: On Border Criminology: Changing the State, Changing the Discipline
This paper contributes to the discussion of how borders and migration studies are changing criminology as a discipline. It focuses on how the transformation of the nation-state in the face of mass mobility opens up the boundaries, content, and theories of criminology, specifically to punishment studies into exciting new developments. It examines how the solid foundations of the discipline have contributed to significant insights and analyses but points to areas where we need new conceptual tools and bolder empirical approaches to fully realize the potential of the discipline to explain the current paradigm shift. It calls for much more critical engagement with southern theory and develop new sites and tools for empirical research.
Keywords: Border Criminology; Penal Theory; State Theory, Migration
Author: Franko Katja, University of Oslo
Title: The Crimmigrant Other: Migration and Penal Power
The paper examines the concept of the the crimmigrant other. It outlines how the figure of the criminal immigrant has emerged as a central object of media and political discourses and state intervention. By comparing it to classical criminological and sociological figures, such as Christie’s suitable enemy, Becker’s outsiders and Cohen and Young’s folk devils, the
paper argues that crimmigrant other exemplifies criminology’s power to understand stories about those who are considered different. It also exemplifies criminology’s ability to understand how challenging issues of social change are translated into narratives about threat, danger and moral decay, as well as criminology’s ability to take apart the concept of criminality and challenges the semblance of objectivity which it has in media and political discourse and in bureaucratic practices.
However, the crimmigrant other is also a challenging figure for criminology. Unlike Agamben’s homo caser, the crimmigrant other taints the picture of migrants as innocent victims in need of help and deserving of hospitality. Consequently, the notion of the criminal immigrant has been to a large extent avoided in academic discourse rather than addressed head on. This paper (and the book which it is based on) is written in the belief that this omission should be corrected and that criminological and penological scholarship is the most productive vantage point to do so.
Keywords: border criminology, crimmigration, othering