Chair: Ewa M. Guzik-Makaruk
European Development Path of Bialystok School of Criminology
Author: Plywaczewski Emil W., University of Bialystok
Emilia Jurgielewicz-Delegacz, University of Bialystok
Title: The Genesis, Development and Basic Information About Białystok School of Criminology (Bsc) in Poland
This paper explores genesis, development and basic information about BSC. It is one of the most important achievements of the contemporary criminology in Poland. BSC is composed of young researchers, as well as experienced criminal law specialists and criminologists from the Faculty of Law, University of Bialystok, working together on the most pressing issues of today’s criminology. The authors will describe a number of scientific projects which have been carried out so far and the series of monographs titled “Current Problems of the Penal Law and Criminology. Aktuelle Probleme des Strafrechts und der Kriminologie”. The presentation will be also focused on the International Centre of Criminological Research and Expertise which was established in 2017. The Centre aims at entering into cooperation with the State authorities, private sector entities and NGOs, within the country and abroad, along with preparation of expert opinions at their request. The paper concludes by describing opportunities and challenges for BSK in the field of criminology in XXI century in Poland.
Keywords: Bialystok School of Criminology, comperative criminology, criminology development
Author: Plywaczewski Wieslaw, University of Warmia and Mazury
Joanna Narodowska, University of Warmia and Mazury, Maciej Duda, University of Warmia and Mazury
Title: A Decade of Cooperation Between Criminologists From Olsztyn and the Bialystok School of Criminology
In north-eastern Poland there are three academic centers conducting criminological research: University of Bialystok, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn and Police Academy in Szczytno. These universities cooperate in institutionalized manner at the level of established in 2009 a scientific initiative called Scientific Forum “Podlasie – Warmia and Mazury”. So far, five scientific conferences have been held as part of the Forum (Ryn – 2009, Bialowieza – 2010, Szczytno – 2011, Pacoltowo – 2014, Suprasl – 2015). The achievements of each conference were recorded in the form of scientific publications. In 2012, basing on the previous achievements of the Scientific Forum, the representatives of cooperating universities established the Scientific Network called “Polish research network – research and development for the safety of the state and citizens”. The aim of this initiative is to conduct surveys on the security of the state and its citizens. In addition, young adepts of criminology participate in the “National Forum of Young Criminologists”. It is a scientific platform which has been brought to life by the Białystok School of Criminology to exchange experiences and research achievements of young criminologists. It should be emphasized that institutional cooperation between the research units of Białystok, Olsztyn and Szczytno strengthens their scientific potential and is an opportunity for scientists to exchange results of criminological surveys at cyclic conferences.
Keywords: cooperation, research network, comperative criminology
Author: Stachelska Aleksandra, University of Bialystok
Title: The Crime of Stalking – Picture of Perpetrator and Victim in the Research of Bialystok School of Criminology
The crime of stalking is a relatively new crime in Polish criminal code. However, it has become one of the most common crimes against freedom since 2011, when it was criminalized.
The lecture will present the results of research on this phenomenon conducted in the District Court in Białystok on court files ended in a final court judgment covering the years 2011-2016. A total of 60 cases based on article 190a, were examined in the course of the research process. The analysis was made by using the questionnaire, which included 49 questions grouped into following categories: general information and classification of the act, characteristics of the perpetrator of the crime, characteristics of the victim, description of the act committed, as well as the course of the pre-trial and judicial proceedings. In speach will be presented characteristics of perpetrators and victims, connections between them, and behaviors of stalkers in area of Bialystok. Speaker will also compare results of this research with nationwide view of this crime.
Keywords: stalking, scientific research, Bialystok School of Criminology
Author: Guzik-Makaruk Ewa M., University of Bialystok
Marta Dąbrowska, University of Bialystok
Title: Juvenile Delinquency and Victimization: the Main Results of Isrd-3 Poland Conducted by Bialystok School of Criminology
The aim of this presentation is to introduce the results of the polish edition of third International Self-Report Delinquency Study (ISRD-3 Poland) on the prevalence of the juvenile delinquency and victimization. The goal of this research is to collect data on delinquency and victimization among 7th–9th-grade students as well as explore and test contemporary theoretical approaches in criminology with the additional modules in the questionnaire. This presentation is based on the statistical analysis of Polish ISRD- 3 data. The ISRD-3 research was conducted by the Bialystok School of Criminology in June 2017 in two Voivodeship capital cities: Bialystok and Rzeszow, having approximately half a million citizens. The survey was conducted among the 2179 students of the grade 6th of a primary school and grades 1st and the 2nd of a secondary school (the equivalent of grades 7th, 8th and 9th in most countries), thus the age range was between 12 and 16 years. A questionnaire filled by respondents, in addition to the standard content prepared by the ISRD-3 CCT, included also questions aiming at local risk identification, such as grooming or sexting. The results of the ISRD-3 study will contribute to diagnosing various dangers and will be compared to those of other countries participating in the project. The added value of the project will be the possibility of developing adequate preventive and pedagogical programs in schools in Bialystok and Rzeszow, covered by the survey.
Keywords: ISRD, juvenile delinquency, juvenile victimization, self-report survey, Bialystok School of Criminology