Chair: Maximo Sozzo
Criminology and the Global South
Author: Sozzo Maximo, National University of Litoral
Title: Southe rn Criminology and the Question of Translation.
Recently in the international criminological debate a discussion has been launched around the appeal to the need for a "southern criminology" (Carrington, Hogg and Sozzo, 2016). This has gained special force with the publication of the Handbook of Criminology and the Global South (Carrington, Hogg, Scott and Sozzo, 2018). In this paper I intend to rescue a topic that I consider crucial in the framework of this debate: the question of translation. Dependence and subordination characterize the history of the relationship between the criminologies produced in the Global North and South. The translation of concepts and arguments produced in the North in the South centrally marks the production of knowledge in peripheral contexts. But this has led many times to think of the past and present of criminology in these contexts as traversed only and uniformly by a logic of adoption. In my opinion, this ignores other dynamics, also linked to processes of translation, that are oriented towards adaptation and rejection and that are present both in the past and in the present. In the work I present some examples from Latin American scenarios. In the construction of a history of criminology in the Global South that seeks to feed the theoretical and political project of Southern Criminology, paying attention to these operations is crucial because they are examples and at the same time, they can be sources of inspiration for the generation of local inventiveness for a more equal exchange.
Keywords: Southern * Criminology * Translation
Author: South Nigel, University of Essex
Avi Brisman, Eastern Kentucky University.
Title: Toward a Green Cultural Criminology of “the South”
Since its inception, green cultural criminology has attempted to (1) examine the way(s) in which environmental crime, harm and disaster are constructed and represented by the news media and in popular cultural forms; (2) highlight and analyze patterns of consumption, constructed consumerism, commodification of nature and related market processes; and (3) explore the contestation of space, transgression, and resistance, in order to understand the ways in which environmental harms are opposed in/on the streets and in day-to-day living. Reflecting criminology more generally, green cultural criminology has developed with somewhat of a northern bias. This paper attempts to address this shortcoming, weaving together green, cultural and southern criminologies through the exposition of several key issues, including “the south” as a context in which exploitative global forces may exercise power. This paper also contemplates cultural narratives of human-environment relationships (The Magic Bean Tree: A Legend from Argentina), as well as illuminates instances and examples of southern protest against environmental degradation. This paper concludes by identifying several examples of possible directions in which the intersection of green, cultural and southern criminologies might proceed, including studies of energy integration and diversification in Latin America and critical interpretations of media and popular narrative depictions of environmental issues within the Global South.
Keywords: Green * Cultural * Criminology * South
Author: Walters Reece, Queensland University of Techonology
NIgel South, University of Essex; Avi Brisman, Eastern Kentucky University
Title: Southernizing Green Criminology: Human Dislocation, Environmental Injustice and Climate Apartheid
The politics and conquests of the Global North have long necessitated the forced migration, colonization and ecological plunder of the Global South for imperial and capital expansionism (Amster 2015). In recent decades, these excesses of accelerated industrialization have created new victims, with entire populations or “climate refugees” (Barnes and Dove 2015) or “environmental refugees” (Seelye 2001) dislocated by human-induced climate change. This article adopts Connell’s (2007) southern theory and Carrington and colleagues’ (2015) idea of a “southern criminology” to examine critically the notion of ‘climate apartheid’ and explore its impacts on the increasing number of individuals displaced by environmental harms.
Keywords: Southerninzing * Green * Criminology
Author: Fernandez Bassa Cristina, Autonomous University of Barcelona
Jose A. Brandariz-Garcia, University of A Coruna
Title: Migration Control and the Neo-Colonial Dimension of Contemporary Penality
A consistent body of literature has scrutinised the racist dimension of penality and the race-based biased operation of the criminal justice system. In contrast to this, the neo-colonial aspect of contemporary penality does seem to be under-analysed. In some EU countries such as the UK, the neo-colonial bias has a significant impact on the prison field. Still, bordered penality and the deportation apparatus are the arenas in which neo-colonial features are most acutely felt. This paper explores Spanish migration control policies from the perspective of the nationality-based procedures of sorting that determine the groups that are actually arrested, detained and / or imprisoned and subsequently deported. For these purposes, Spain appears to be a fruitful case study, as it has been a most popular destination of international migrations in the recent past and ruled a widespread, albeit peculiar, colonial empire until the mid-twentieth century. By examining the nationality-based biased operation of the migration control penality, the paper aims to shed light on the particular neo-colonial characteristics of current Spanish penality.
Keywords: Migration * Colonial * Penality