Chair: Eszter Sarik
Balkan Homicide Study
Author: Bolyky Orsolya, National Institute of Criminology
Eszter Sarik, National Institute of Criminology
Title: Homicides in Hungary
The presentation reflects on the criminological background of homicide in Hungary upon a criminal file-based research containing only cases with final and legally binding sentences. The investigation intended to map the demographical background and socio-economic status of the perpetrators, and was to analyze their criminal history and their mental status. The research also examined the typical features of homicide cases and reflected on the motivations of the crimes. In Hungary domestic homicides (committed against the spouse or the partner) can be described as nearly the most typical form of homicides. As a typical scenario, long-lasting conflicts in between partners, alcoholism and unemployment can be detected and as a consequence of these, severe material deprivation. Jealousy and the fear from losing their partner also played a crucial role among the motives. Most of the offenders had low educational attainment. Juveniles used lethal violence upon financial gain. More than half of the offenders had no previous criminal records from which we can conclude that the typical ‘murderer’ cannot be described with the classical criminal carrier. The vast majority of the offenders suffered from mental disorders.
Keywords: juvenile offenders, domestic violence, mental disorders, homicide-suicides
Author: Trandafir Andra-Roxana, Faculty of law, University of Bucharest
Title: Balkan Homicide Study in Romania: an Update
For the past year, several activities have been performed in connection with the Balkan Homicide Study in Romania. After the first necessary step, concerning the gathering of data, further actions have been performed. As the most important part is related to sampling, the presentation shall focus on how relevant prosecutor’s offices and courts were chosen for the purpose of the study, in order to allow an uniform distribution at a national level based on several criteria, such as the distribution of the population for selected source cities, homicide rates, rural and urban areas, poverty etc. The second important point will be related to access to files and the challenges which were encountered during the demands for access, especially at a prosecutorial level.
Keywords: Balkan Homicide Study in Romania, data gathering, sampling, file access
Author: Lažetić Gordana, , University of “Ss. Cyril and Methodius” Faculty of Law “Iustinianus Primus”
Aleksandra Gruevska-Drakulevski, Boban Misoski and Divna Ilić Dimoski, University of “Ss. Cyril and Methodius”, Faculty of Law “Iustinianus Primus”Skopje
Title: Balkan Homicide Study: the Case of the Republic of Macedonia
The authors of the study conducted a research on homicide cases in front of the Basic courts in Republic of Macedonia for the years 2012, 2013, 2014. The research was conducted as part of the Regional Project - Balkan Homicide Study. Within the research, the Macedonian researchers have analyzed 201 final cases in 12 basic courts with extended jurisdiction. The research was focused on the crimes of: murder (article 123 of the Criminal Code), murder out of noble motives (article 124 of the Criminal Code), manslaughter (article 125 of the Criminal Code) and murder of a child at birth (article 127 of the Criminal Code), and it covered all of the homicide cases in the country in the analyzed period. The data gathering process itself was based upon the structural questionnaire developed by the Balkan Criminology, as a focus group within the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law.
The data gathering process has been done through notification of the requested and observed information from the case-files into the printed forms of the questionnaire, where for multiple co-defendants or victims from one case, multiple questionnaires were filled as one per each of the defendants or victims.
Keywords: murder, homicides, Balkan Homicide Study, Republic of Macedonia
Author: Šprem Petra, Faculty of law, University of Zagreb
Title: Balkan Homicide Study in Croatia: First Results
The Balkan Homicide Study is a major empirical research project of the MPPG on lethal violence in the region. The main goal is to provide an insight into the social and legal construction, as well as the phenomenology of homicide in the Balkans. The study includes eight countries of the Balkan Criminology Network: Bosnia and Hercegovina, Croatia, Hungary, Kosovo, Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia and Romania.
This research project in Croatia collected and analysed original empirical data on the most severe type of violence, homicides. The study analyses finalised as well as attempted homicide offences through the thorough examination of the full national samples of prosecution and court cases for the five year period 2010 – 2014. This presentation attempts to answer questions on phenomenology of homicides, characteristics of victims and offenders, their relationships, situational circumstances and questions regarding criminal proceeding in Croatia.
Keywords: Balkan Homicide Study, Croatia, violence, homicide