Chair: Debbie Schepers
Analyzing the Perception-Choice Process in Situational Action Theory
Author: De Buck Ann, Ghent University-IRCP
Lieven J.R. Pauwels, Ghent University-IRCP
Title: Choosing Violence, Scenario Criminogeneity, and Moral Emotions. a Randomized Scenario Study in Risk-Seekers and Risk-Avoiders.
This study examines whether scenario criminogeneity (presence of provocation and social control) and anticipated moral emotions (shame and guilt) interact in choosing violence. We hypothesize that scenario criminogeneity triggers choosing a violent response especially in adolescents who have low scores on anticipated moral emotions. Additionally, and drawing upon dual process theories, differences between risk-seekers and risk-aversive adolescents are discussed. The results are based on an online factorial survey design (N=1201). The findings suggest that choosing a violent response is a combined effect of scenario criminogeneity, anticipated moral emotions and trait self-control (risk-seeking & impulse control). This study calls for a more nuanced understanding of the role of anticipated moral emotions in choosing violence
Keywords: Online factorial survey, scenario criminogeneity, anticipated moral emotions, trait self-control, choosing violence
Author: Pauwels Lieven J.R., Ghent University-IRCP
Debbie Schepers, Catholic University Eichstaett-Ingolstadt;
Stefanie Eifler, Catholic University Eichstaett-Ingolstadt
Title: Choosing What Crime as Alternative in What Criminogenic Setting? an In-Depth Examination of Sat’S Propensity Scenario Exposure in Three Different Data Sets.
This presentation deals with the perception-choice process in SAT. It is tested to what extent perceiving and choosing crime is a function of propensity, scenario exposure and the interplay between one’s overall propensity and exposure to criminogenic moral settings. We use three different data sets, which allow us to get some first insights in the cross-offence generalizability of the propensity –scenario criminogeneity exposure. This presentation is based on Belgian data of juveniles and young adults in scenarios that describe the likelihood of choosing violence and in two German surveys among adults where one dependent variable is theft by finding in a simple random sample of citizens of the German city of Leipzig and the other dependent variable being insurance fraud in a simple random sample of citizens of the German city of Ingolstadt. This study will raise some questions regarding the equality of findings and can be seen as an open invitation to rethink the role of vignette studies in testing the perception-choice process in SAT (and decision-making theories in general).
Keywords: perception-choice process, SAT, replication study, cross national comparison, vignette study
Author: Kammigan Ilka, Helmut Schmidt University Hamburg
Title: Response Latencies as Indicators for More Automatic Vs. More Deliberate Decision-Making.
This presentation explores whether response latencies (the speed of answering a question) can be used as indicators of a more automatic vs. a more deliberate mode of decision-making. According to Situational Action Theory, the mode of decision-making (automatic vs. deliberate) affects whether controls are relevant when deciding for or against rule-breaking behavior. Thus, this presentation also aims at investigating the relationship between esponse latencies, self-control, and rule-breaking behavior. The presentation is based on ISRD-3 data collected by the computerized version of the questionnaire.
Keywords: response latencies, SAT, self-control, ISRD3
Author: Gerth Maria, University of Cologne
Title: Applying Sat to Explain Truancy.
Truancy is consequential far beyond its immediate impact on educational achievement. Given its negative associations with outcomes on the individual and societal level, surprisingly little theory-guided research has been conducted to understand what moves adolescents to engage in truancy. However, for the development and implementation of successful pre- and intervention strategies, a profound understanding of the causes of truancy is necessary. One possible venue for intervention is more effective control. But according to SAT, controls are not always relevant in determining an individuals’ action. An adolescent has to be motivated or tempted to engage in truancy, view it as a viable action alternative and make a deliberate decision. Using data from the Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Developmental study (PADS+), we analyze whether this principle of the conditional relevance of controls, that has mostly been studied in the context of delinquency, also holds for truancy.While results are not entirely univocal, our analyses provide evidence for its importance in the explanation of truancy. In addition to contributing to a more profound understanding of truancy, we provide a further test of SAT’s ability to serve as a general theory of moral rule breaking.
Keywords: truancy, deviance in school, Situational-Action-Theory, adolescents